[285] The violent crime rate peaked in 1993 at 1146 crimes per 100,000 people, while the property crime rate peaked a few years earlier, in 1989, at 9,966 crimes per 100,000. [277], With Phoenix's rapid growth, one of the prime areas of criminal activity was land fraud. [223], Phoenix is home to several professional sports franchises, and is one of only 13 U.S. metropolitan areas to have representatives of all four major professional sports leagues, although only one of these teams actually carry the city name and two of them play within the city limits. [326] Phoenix is also served by Greyhound bus service, which stops at 24th Street near the airport. Maricopa County grew by 811% from 186,000 in 1940 to 1,509,000 by 1980, thanks in part to air conditioning, cheap housing, and an influx of retirees. Phoenix (/ˈfiːnɪks/ FEE-niks; Navajo: Hoozdo; Spanish: Fénix or Fínix) is the capital and most populous city in Arizona, with 1,680,992 people (as of 2019[update]). Phoenix is the sixth most populous city in the United States according to the 2010 United States Census, with a population of 1,445,632, making it the most populous state capital in the United States. At night, the illumination changes color gradually through the seasons. [333] The freeway system is a mix of Interstate, U.S., and state highways which include Interstate 10, Interstate 17, US 60, Loop 101, Loop 202, SR 51, SR 143, and Loop 303. Der Salt River fließt vom Nordosten des Maricopa County durch den Süden von Phoe… [85] As a consequence Phoenix became a textbook case of urban sprawl for geographers. This netted sculpture makes the invisible patterns of desert wind visible to the human eye. [272], The Sandra Day O'Connor U.S. [179] The city is also home to the headquarters of U-HAUL International, Best Western, and Apollo Group, parent of the University of Phoenix. I really encourage everyone visitors to Arizona and locals to come see the gardens. He formed the Swilling Irrigation and Canal Company that year, dug a large canal that drew in river water, and erected several crop fields in a location that is now within the eastern portion of central Phoenix near its airport. Get Involved! They have won the WNBA championship three times: first in 2007 when they defeated the Detroit Shock,[231] again in 2009 when they defeated the Indiana Fever,[232] and in 2014 when they swept the Chicago Sky. [9], Phoenix was settled in 1867 as an agricultural community near the confluence of the Salt and Gila Rivers and was incorporated as a city in 1881. They banded with the Maricopa for protection against incursions by the Yuma and Apache tribes. [173] As of January 2016, 10.5% of the workforce were government employees, a high number because the city is both the county seat and state capital. The Phoenix Zoo is the largest privately owned, non-profit zoo in the United States. During the day, the 100-foot (30 m)-tall sculpture hovers high above heads, treetops, and buildings, the sculpture creates what the artist calls "shadow drawings", which she says are inspired by Phoenix's cloud shadows. This is a legacy of numerous annexations over the years; many of the school districts were in existence prior to their territories becoming part of Phoenix. There are still major additions to routes 101, 202 and 303 underway, as well as several other smaller projects around the valley. ", "Phoenix-area residents report snow falling across Valley", "Snow lands, really sticks in far Phoenix area during record rainy day", "Station Name: AZ Phoenix Sky Harbor INTL AP", "WMO Climate Normals for PHOENIX/SKY HARBOR INTL, AZ 1961–1990", "Monthly Averages for Phoenix, AZ – Temperature and Precipitation", "Phoenix, Arizona, USA – Monthly weather forecast and Climate data", "The Wildlife of the Phoenix Mountain Preserves", "Living With Wildlife – Arizona Wildlife", "Status of the Rosy-faced Lovebird in Phoenix, Arizona", "Peach-faced Lovebird Range Expansion Data in Greater Phoenix, Arizona Area", "Sonoran Desert Region Flora – Maricopa County", "INCOME IN THE PAST 12 MONTHS (IN 2016 INFLATION-ADJUSTED DOLLARS)". Desert Breeze Condo – buchen Sie ein Top-Hotel in Phoenix zum Spartarif. With its large Hispanic population there are numerous Spanish stations, such as KHOT-FM and KOMR-FM. [11][12] Despite this, its canal system led to a thriving farming community with the original settler's crops remaining important parts of the Phoenix economy for decades, such as alfalfa, cotton, citrus, and hay. [328], Phoenix auto traffic depends on both freeways and surface streets. Founded in 1898 in Chicago, they moved to Phoenix from St. Louis, Missouri in 1988 and play in the Western Division of the National Football League's National Football Conference. They originally played their home games at America West Arena in downtown Phoenix before moving in December 2003 to the Jobing.com Arena (now named the Gila River Arena) in Glendale. 516.7 square miles (1,338 km2) of it is land, and 1.2 square miles (3.1 km2, or 0.2%) of it is water. [286], In the most recent numbers from the FBI (2012), those rates stand at 637 and 4091, respectively. On February 12, 1871, the territorial legislature created Maricopa County by dividing Yavapai County; it was the sixth one formed in the Arizona Territory. Compare the Cost of Living in Phoenix, Arizona against another US Cities and States. Pavement, sidewalks, and buildings store the sun's heat and radiate it at night. 1 in Glendale and Thunderbird Field No. [62] The 1960s saw many other buildings constructed as the city expanded rapidly, including the Rosenzweig Center (1964), today called Phoenix City Square,[63] the landmark Phoenix Financial Center (1964),[64] as well as many of Phoenix's residential high-rises. The paper would go through several additional name changes in its early years before finally settling on the Phoenix Herald, which still exists today in an online form. Das erweiterte Stadtgebiet hat vier Millionen Einwohner. [48], On March 4, 1930, former U.S. President Calvin Coolidge dedicated a dam on the Gila River named in his honor. Music can also be seen in some of the venues usually reserved for sports, such as the Wells Fargo Arena and State Farm Stadium.[187]. The Sonoran Desert area southeast of Tucson and near the Mexican border is vital habitat for the only population of jaguars living within the United States. Phoenix also has high levels of particulate pollution; although, cities in California lead the nation in this hazard. [299][300] There is also a small satellite Phoenix Biomedical Campus for Northern Arizona University (based in Flagstaff). Of great concern is the presence of Africanized bees which can be extremely dangerous—even lethal—when provoked. Courthouse, the U.S. District Court of Arizona, is on Washington Street downtown. [352] More operative neurosurgical procedures take place at BNI than at any other institution in the United States. A history of the Barrow Neurological Institute. The main sources of electrical generation are nuclear and coal power plants. Hier finden Sie die wichtigsten Hotelinformationen. The earliest freeze on record occurred on November 4, 1956, and the latest occurred on March 31, 1987. [191][192][193] Interactive exhibits can be found in nearby Peoria's Challenger Space Center, where individuals learn about space, renewable energies, and meet astronauts. South Mountain separates the community of Ahwatukee from the rest of the city. It is located in the area where the river flows through a small gorge. [185], Concerts can be attended at Talking Stick Resort Arena and Comerica Theatre in downtown Phoenix, Ak-Chin Pavilion in Maryvale, Gila River Arena in Glendale, and Gammage Auditorium in Tempe (the last public building designed by Frank Lloyd Wright). [319] In addition to American, other domestic carriers include Alaska Airlines, Delta, Frontier, Hawaiian, JetBlue, Southwest, Spirit, Sun Country, and United. Their crops included corn, beans, and squash for food as well as cotton and tobacco. Other notable pictures filmed at least partially in Phoenix include Raising Arizona, A Home at the End of the World,[314] Bill & Ted's Excellent Adventure, Days of Thunder, The Gauntlet, The Grifters, Waiting to Exhale and Bus Stop. [61] In 1960 the Phoenix Corporate Center opened; at the time it was the tallest building in Arizona, topping off at 341 feet. The city's outskirts have large fields of irrigated cropland and Native American reservation lands. Maricopa County had not been incorporated; the land was within Yavapai County, which included the major town of Prescott to the north of Wickenburg. [207] With more than 62,000 hotel rooms in over 500 hotels and 40 resorts, greater Phoenix sees over 16 million visitors each year, most of whom are leisure (as opposed to business) travelers. City ( top 12 in the small downtown area southwestern Africa provides senior services! [ 181 ] the great Recession of 2007–09, and three village trustees and other officials were elected ) based! 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